A study release by the Florida State University Institute for Justice Research and Development highlights key findings on reentry services models. Titled the Psychological Toll of Reentry: Early Findings from a Multistate Trial discusses the transition from a jail or prison impact on the offender, their families, and communities. This report is the second in a series of reports on a multistate, multisite study of a reentry services model referred to as the 5-Key Model for Reentry. The study is currently being implemented in 12 urban and rural counties across four states including Florida, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Texas.
In short, recidivism rates are impacted by both individual decision-making and a host of structural barriers including whether or not reentry service supports are available in local communities to individuals leaving incarceration. One important finding is that corrections cannot be the primary source of support for reentry; communities must play more of a role in prevention by helping to prevent recidivism. The largest identified barriers included state identification cards, anxiety, addiction, and employment.